It is no coincidence that the history of the town during the long foreign domination is full of names of famous haramies, haidoutes and rebels, beginning with Kalifer voivoda, Grandpa Mlichko, Chono Chorbadji, Dobri Voyvoda, Galab voivoda and finished with the genius poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev. Twice the town was burned down by the Kurdjali - in 1799 and 1804, but it quickly recovered and froze. In the first half of the 19th century, Kalofer, as well as all of our sub-Balkan cities, has reached its peak. Travelers noted that there were more than 1,000 guillotine bugs, many mopples and paintbrushes. Kalofer's craftsmen and merchants traded with Constantinople, Vienna, Odessa, Braila. It was not accidental that they called it "Altan Kalofer" (Golden Kalofer). In 1845 a new big school was built, and in 1871 a school for girls. Billy founded various educational societies.